Vandal Research

Terrorism Recidivism Study

About the TRS After the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001, the government enacted policies that resulted in the capture and detention of alleged terrorists to be held in Guantanamo Bay. The rush to hold those involved in international terrorism led to a quick rise in population at the naval …

Synthesis of Thin Film, Nonfouling, Polyampholyte Hydrogels

Abstract: Zwitterions are molecules that possess both a negatively and positively charged region, but maintain an overall net charge of zero. Zwitterionic polymer hydrogels possess good hydrophilic and nonfouling properties. The nonfouling property means these materials greatly reduce the amount of nonspecific protein adsorption that can occur on the material. The nonfouling nature of zwitterionic …

Spatial Analysis of Soil Lead Exposures from Lead Poisoning Tragedy in Nigerian Mining Villages

Abstract In 2010, an unprecedented lead poisoning in Zamfara State, Nigeria resulted in the death of more than 400 children. The outbreak was caused by artisanal processing of lead-rich gold ores inside rural village homes, where incidental ingestion of contaminated soils and dusts resulted in geomean blood lead levels (BLLs) of 149 µg/dL and maximum …

Testing the Capacity to Over-Stabilize Viruses by Engineering Mutations into the Capsid of Bacteriophage ɸX174

An effective virus must successfully attach to a receptor on a host cell and inject its genetic material into the cell so that new viruses can be produced. Its ability to infect the host cell is highly dependent on both the binding capability of its capsid proteins as well their ability to modify their conformation …

Experimental Evolution: Identifying Pathways of Viral Resistance

Abstract Phage therapy and antibiotics have been used in treating bacterial infections for nearly a century. However, bacterial mutations over time have allowed bacteria to advance in fitness and, in turn, resistance to these treatments. In this experiment we evolve phage-resistant bacteria to observe the mutations present on a genomic level. Pairing these observations with …

Differences in Body Composition, Resting Metabolic Rate, and Sleep Quality Following a 6-Week Protein Supplementation Intervention in Collegiate Dancers

Abstract Dancers are often under pressure to maintain a lean physique; therefore it is common to observe unhealthy dieting behaviors leading to inadequate caloric intake and protein (PRO), which may negatively alter body composition (BC). PURPOSE: To assess collegiate dancers’ dietary intake, BC, resting metabolic rate (RMR), and total sleep (TS) following a 6-week PRO …

Expression Staining to Qualify Presence of Dscam Expression

Gene Mutations Involved in Brain Development and Autism Spectrum Disorders

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a developmental disability characterized by sensory and communication deficits. Recently, diagnosis of ASD has increased, and it is now estimated to affect 1 in 68 children. The symptoms of autism begin to appear during the first three years of life, which coincides with the development of learning ability and a …